07. Public Relations, Polling, Lobbying, and Legal Services

Intermediate school districts (ISDs) or regional educational service agencies were created by the legislature in 1962 to bring about quality and equitable educational opportunities to students and schools throughout the state. Because public education is funded and regulated by the state and federal government, it is necessary for ISDs to use some resources to fund activities that promote public accountability, research, and government communications. Since Ingham ISD is publicly funded, it is responsible for communicating its programs and services to the schools and community. The guiding principle for all activities of this nature is to advocate for the children we serve.

In the area of public relations provided by external vendors or consultants, there is no information to report for 2015-16.

In the areas of polling and lobbying services provided by external vendors or consultants, Ingham ISD paid Karoub Associates $8,000 for 2015-16.

In the area of legal services provided by the following external firms, Ingham ISD spent $28,488 which is .03% of the total budget for 2015-16.

   Vendor   Amount
 Clark Hill, P.L.C.   $22,141
 LaPointe & Butler, P.C.   $4,817
 Steven D. Low, P.C.   $1,530